Good nutrition is important for both general and eye health. It helps our body to grow, repair any damage, protect against infection and to function correctly. Research has shown that certain foods help to maintain healthy cells and tissues in the eye and slow eye damage.
The main focus has been on antioxidant vitamins A, C and E. A diet rich in these vitamins may reduce your risk of cataracts, age-related macular degeneration. Antioxidants eliminate harmful free radicals in your body which can cause damage to the eye and vision. Highly pigmented fruit and vegetables are an excellent source of antioxidants. Eating raw fruit and vegetables will provide more antioxidants than cooked, canned or frozen food. These vitamins can be found in foods such as carrots, spinach, citrus fruits and nuts
Two types of antioxidants Lutein and Zeaxanthin known as carotenoids are very important. They may be found in broccoli, eggs and green leafy vegetables such as kale and spinach.
Zinc and selenium are essential trace minerals. Zinc helps transport vitamin A from the liver to the eye where it is used to produce a protective pigment in the eye. Selenium may help prevent macular degeneration and improve dry eyes and general eye health. Good source of these minerals are yogurt, red meat and sunflower seeds and egg.
Good vision offers a better quality of life, having a healthy balanced diet that includes fresh fruit and vegetables will help reduce your risk of eye diseases. Avoid smoking and protect your eyes from sunlight with sunglasses or wear a wide brimmed hat. There are several different supplements on the market that promote eye health for anyone who feels their diet is truly lacking any vitamin or mineral.